Art History

Art History Questions
1. Abstract Expressionism is one of the most male-dominated and mythologized art movements of the second half of the 20th century.  Your book includes Lee Krasner and Joan Mitchell.  Why do you think they are only now receiving critical attention and were not seen as important as their male peers at the time of their life?
The two main art critics that promoted the New York School were Clement Greenberg and Harold Rosenberg.  There are excerpts from Greenberg in your text.  Research the two critics and briefly summarize their perspectives on art.  How are they similar and how are they different?  (Points : 10)
2. What are the major distinguishing characteristics of post war European art?  Almost the entire chapter focuses on American and particularly New York artists.  Why do you think this change occurred and what important contributions did the European artists make? (Points : 10)
3. Geometric abstraction has been used by many artists in this chapter for different ends.  Weigh in on the importance of simplified geometry and how this form results in so many different contents. For instance, David Smith, Louise Nevelson, Donald Judd and Frank Stella all employed basic geometry as part of their artistic form with entirely separate ideologies and goals (Points : 10)
 4. New Media-  Post war America saw an explosion of  possible materials for art Making.  Dripped, paint, installations, theatrical performances, used tires, light, video, and the earth itself.  What do you think the single most radical use of materials was? and why?  Research the web and find an artist that is still living today who is using that material and relate them to the artist in the book. (Points : 10)
5. Gender and identity as subject in art becomes a major topic for many artists, even creating a term: feminist art.  This term became universally applied to any female artist that took on a subject related to subject matter of women, femininity, or gendered mediums like fabric and fiber.  Should we then consider art that has been made throughout history for men such as objectified female nudes, war and portraits of kings Masculinist art?  Interestingly, the book places Bourgeois, De Saint-Phalle, and Flack, all of whom make art that comments on gender and identity outside of the feminist label.  What happens to art when it is categorized as feminist? (Points : 10)