Sociology of the Body

Sociology of the Body
As a branch of sociology, sociology of the body is dedicated to the study of the social representation and uses of the human body in the society.
Question 1
What does the dominant construction of heterosexual sex look like?                                                According to constructionists, human behaviour is a social construction. One that is heavily influenced by the environment. From their point of view, human behaviour is not immutable or innate (DeLamater and Hyde, 1998). On the contrary, it is shaped by the society throughout their lives. Therefore, sexuality falls under this category as it is socially constructed and a result of social cultural conditioning. The prevalent construction of heterosexual sex is not universal. However, it is subject to cultural variations and historical changes (DeLamater and Hyde, 1998). Sexual acts are regarded as dependent solely on the culture and specifically on the context upon which they occur. As a result, sexuality varies from one culture to the other.
Question 2
Are men increasingly engaging in beauty practices and what does this mean?

            Human bodies have been regarded as products of nature from time immemorial. However, they are also products of culture. Cultures shape and modify human bodies different. According to the modern culture, there is a thin line between jobs done by women and those regarded to be primarily for men (Vannier and O’Sullivan, 2010). As a result, men are engaging in beauty practices and this shapes the modern culture in a different perspective. Practices such as tattooing, scarification and body piercing are a common practice in today’s modern man. This means that the modern society is out of control as the norms that waved and held the society together are no longer observed. Some of this practices are done as an effort of finding a fit in the modern society.
In conclusion, body modification and body image are influenced by the society and the culture being practiced.

DeLamater, J. and Hyde, J. (1998). Essentialism vs. social constructionism in the study of             human sexuality. Journal of Sex Research, 35(1), pp.10-18.

Vannier, S. and O’Sullivan, L. (2010). Communicating Interest in Sex: Verbal and Nonverbal       Initiation of Sexual Activity in Young Adults’ Romantic Dating Relationships. Arch     Sex Behav, 40(5), pp.961-969.