Development of Police Psychology
Historical events have primarily impacted on the psychology of the police. The events range from changes and development in laws to influential legal cases and actual events developed by relevant organizations (Ainsworth, 2002). Police are responsible for public safety and due to this reason, historical need for proactive approaches towards personal adjustment and optimizing psychological functioning emerged to reduce stress acquired through the occupation. The first notable event is the application of screening tests for police officers and sheriffs. The application of the policy was initiated by the law enforcement assistance administration (Binghamton, 2008). The application of the system was essential for criminal investigations and hostage negotiation situations.
Prior to the formation of the psychologists in public service division in the law enforcement agencies in 1982, the police resisted psychology. However, a historic leadership event that engulfed in determining the problems that affect the American policing quality was held between the police chiefs and the APA leaders (Bartol et al,. 2013). The meeting enhanced the integration of the police force in the academy and back to the society after traumatic injuries and losses in battle and daily activities for the military and police officers respectively. The impact of stress is more prevalent in the families of the bureaux and as such, psychology provides a framework for understanding organizational, occupational, family and personal relationship and how they affect the performance levels of the agents (Ainsworth, 2002).
In conclusion, psychology adoption of a confidential counselling approach ensures that the ego, needs and fears of the police are protected. A good example is where a police officer in a counselling session shares intimate concerns with the psychologist, fears that even the spouse have no knowledge.
Ainsworth, P. B. (2002). Psychology and policing. Devon, UK: Willan Publishing.
Binghamton, NY: Haworth Press. Article: Taylor, P. J., Jacques, K., Giebels, E., Levine, M., Best, R., Winter, J., & Rossi, G. (2008). Analysing forensic processes: Taking time into account. Issues in Forensic Psychology, 8, 43–55. Retrieved from the Walden Library databases. Texts Ainsworth, P. B. (2002). Psychology and policing. Devon, UK: Willan Publishing.
Bartol, C. R., & Bartol, A. M. (2013). Introduction to forensic psychology: Research and application (Laureate Education, Inc., custom ed.) Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. Media Interactive Time Line: Developmental Lifespan Stages of Police Officers Police Officer Time Line—Richard Walker's Story