Journal Writing

Only the Journal questions.
 Journal Questions - The readings for the journal questions can be found in the primary source reader, Perspectives from the Past.  Each day's work will include a short writing assignment designed to give you an opportunity to think and comment carefully on primary source material.  Write a multi-paragraph short-essay that addresses the topic of the question, includes specific examples in the discussion, and explains why the specific examples are important.  Do not simply rewrite the introduction from the selections in the Primary Source Reader or from the review recommended in the textbook.  The journal questions can be found on each day's assignment sheet.  Keep your answers in a journal; I suggest a composition notebook for this purpose, but in any case your journal should be kept separate from your class notes. 
 PART III:  FINAL EXAM, THE EARLY MODERN ERA
ITALIAN CITY-STATES
Reading Assignment:
Perspectives from the Past, Chapter 12, Machiavelli, The Prince.
Review Questions.  No assigned Review Questions for this topic.
Journal Questions.  Write a multi-paragraph short-essay that addresses the topic of the question, includes specific examples in the discussion, and explains why the specific examples are important.

(Machiavelli, The Prince).  What, according to Machiavelli, is the basis of political authority?  When he claims that a prince must assume many guises, what is Machiavelli saying about his understanding of human nature?  What is the role of artifice (cleverness, ingenuity, expediency, insincerity) in political authority, according to Machiavelli?
RENAISSANCE CULTURE
Reading Assignment:
Coffin, Stacey, Cole, & Symes, Western Civilizations, Chapter 12.
Perspectives from the Past, Chapter 12, Pico della Mirandola, Oration on the Dignity of Man.
Journal Questions.  The readings for the journal questions can be found in the Primary Source Reader.  Write a multi-paragraph short-essay that addresses the topic of the question, includes specific examples in the discussion, and explains why the specific examples are important.

(Mirandola, Oration on the Dignity of Man).  How specifically did Pico della Mirandola fuse the Judeo-Christian tradition with Plato’s philosophy to explain how human beings are capable of both wickedness and perfection? Why might the leaders of the medieval Church have had difficulty with Pico’s conclusions?
THE RECONNAISSANCE
Reading Assignment:
Coffin, Stacey, Cole, & Symes, Western Civilizations, Chapter 11 (pp. 346-8, 358-371).
Perspectives from the Past, Chapter 11, Columbus, Letter on His First Voyage.
Journal Questions.  Write a multi-paragraph short-essay that addresses the topic of the question, includes specific examples in the discussion, and explains why the specific examples are important.

(Columbus, Letter on His First Voyage)  What can we learn about Columbus’ personality and motives from this letter?  Columbus provides here the first Western account of the people he called Indians—what do we learn about his interests and abilities as an ethnographer?
 THE INTERNATIONAL ECONOMY
Reading Assignment:
Perspectives from the Past, Chapter 15, Charter of the Dutch West India Company.
Journal Questions.  Write a multi-paragraph short-essay that addresses the topic of the question, includes specific examples in the discussion, and explains why the specific examples are important.

(Charter of the Dutch West India Company).  Why did the West India Company receive a charter from the Dutch Republic?  How is the company structured, and what does that structure tell you about its decision making?  Why does the company wish to exercise a monopoly, and what unusual powers are granted to the company to protect its monopoly?
THE GERMAN REFORMATION
Reading Assignment:
Coffin, Stacey, Cole, & Symes, Western Civilizations, Chapter 13 (pp. 398-411).
Perspectives from the Past, Chapter 13, Luther, Large Catechism.
Journal Questions.  Write a multi-paragraph short-essay that addresses the topic of the question, includes specific examples in the discussion, and explains why the specific examples are important.

(Luther, Large Catechism).  Why is the catechism so important to Martin Luther?  To whom is the catechism to be taught, and by whom is it to be taught?  What matters, issues, or ideas does the catechism teach
CALVINISM
Reading Assignment:
Coffin, Stacey, Cole, & Symes, Western Civilizations, Chapter 13 (pp. 411-425).
Perspectives from the Past, Chapter 13, Calvin, Draft of Ecclesiastical Ordinances.
Journal Questions.  Write a multi-paragraph short-essay that addresses the topic of the question, includes specific examples in the discussion, and explains why the specific examples are important.

(Calvin, Draft of Ecclesiastical Ordinances).  According to Calvin, what is the church, its purpose, and its goals?  What do the four offices tell us about the function of the church?  What are the practices of the church and the relation of those practices to the process of becoming a Christian and attaining salvation?

(NoteDoctor is a fancy Latin word for teacher).

THE CRISIS OF THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY
Reading Assignment:
Coffin, Stacey, Cole, & Symes, Western Civilizations, Chapter 14.
Perspectives from the Past, Chapter 14, Grimmelshausen, Simplicissimus.

Journal Questions.  Write a multi-paragraph short-essay that addresses the topic of the question, includes specific examples in the discussion, and explains why the specific examples are important.

(Grimmelshausen, Simplicissimus).  Who is Simplicissimus, what is his relation to nature, and what does he consider noble and base?  What does Grimmelshausen tell us about the conduct of the Thirty Years War?  What happens to the character of Simplicissimus when he witnesses the violence of war?  

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